Jun. 4th, 2009

kajivar: (Disasterporn // Lightning)
[personal profile] kajivar
This past Monday marked the beginning of the 2009 Atlantic hurricane season. Technically, the season started three days early when Tropical Depression One formed on May 28. The season is officially over on November 30, but in 2005, the season lasted much longer due to continued storm activity, lasting until January 2006. Noted hurricane experts Philip J. Klotzbach, William M. Gray, and their associates at Colorado State University have predicted near-average activit for this year (11 named storms, 5 hurricanes, 2 of Category 3 or higher). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's forecast is 9 to 14 named storms, 4 to 7 hurricanes, and 1 to 3 of Category 3 or higher.

The names for the 2009 Atlantic hurricane season are: Ana, Bill, Claudette, Danny, Erika, Fred, Grace, Henri, Ida, Joaquin, Kate, Larry, Mindy, Nicholas, Odette, Peter, Rose, Sam, Teresa, Victor, and Wanda.

The 2009 Pacific hurricane season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific (June 1 for the central Pacific) and will also end on November 30, 2009. Hurricanes in the Pacific are storms that form north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. The names for this year are: Andres, Blanca, Carlos, Dolores, Enrique, Felicia, Guillermo, Hilda, Ignacio, Jimena, Kevin, Linda, Marty, Nora, Olaf, Patricia, Rick, Sandra, Terry, Vivian, Waldo, Xina, York, and Zelda.

The 2009 Pacific typhoon season has no official start and end dates -- it runs year-round, though most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November. Typhoons are storms that form north of the equator and west of the International Date Line. There is no yearly list of names for Pacific typhoons; rather, they are chosen from a list of names submitted from the countries in the area.

The 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season (the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula) does not have official start or end dates, either, but most cyclones tend to form between April and December, with peaks in May and November. On average, 4 to 6 storms form in this basin every season. Cyclone Storm Bijli and Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila have already formed, and the remaining names on the list are Phyan, Ward, Laila, Bandu, and Phet.

The 2008–09 Australian region cyclone season, which covers Australia, Papua New Guinea, western parts of the Solomon Islands, East Timor and southern parts of Indonesia, is already over. It started on November 1, 2008, and lasted until April 30, 2009. There were a total of 23 cyclones this season, with 10 of them reaching enough strength to be named. They were Anika (Cat 2), Billy (Cat 4), Charlotte (Cat 1), Dominic (Cat 2), Ellie (Cat 1), Freddy (Cat 2), Hamish (Cat 5), Ilsa (Cat 4), Jasper (Cat 2), and Kirrily (Cat 1). The large storms caused a combined damage of approximately 103 million USD, but only four deaths.

2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season fell in the same date range. This season was unusual in the respect that no Tropical Cyclones developed into Severe Tropical Cyclones. There were 12 Tropical Depressions, and only five intensified into Cyclones, which were named Hettie (Cat 1), Innis (Cat 1), Joni (Cat 2), Ken (Cat 1), and Lin (Cat 2).

The 2008-09 South West Indian Ocean cyclone season began on November 15, 2008, and officially ended April 30, 2009. Only two storms reached hurricane strength this year, Fanele and Gael, both of which were Category 3 or higher, and only 3 storms made landfall in the entire season (TS Eric, Fanele, and TS Jade).

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