kajivar: (Disasterporn // Lightning)
[personal profile] kajivar
This past Monday marked the beginning of the 2009 Atlantic hurricane season. Technically, the season started three days early when Tropical Depression One formed on May 28. The season is officially over on November 30, but in 2005, the season lasted much longer due to continued storm activity, lasting until January 2006. Noted hurricane experts Philip J. Klotzbach, William M. Gray, and their associates at Colorado State University have predicted near-average activit for this year (11 named storms, 5 hurricanes, 2 of Category 3 or higher). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's forecast is 9 to 14 named storms, 4 to 7 hurricanes, and 1 to 3 of Category 3 or higher.

The names for the 2009 Atlantic hurricane season are: Ana, Bill, Claudette, Danny, Erika, Fred, Grace, Henri, Ida, Joaquin, Kate, Larry, Mindy, Nicholas, Odette, Peter, Rose, Sam, Teresa, Victor, and Wanda.

The 2009 Pacific hurricane season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific (June 1 for the central Pacific) and will also end on November 30, 2009. Hurricanes in the Pacific are storms that form north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. The names for this year are: Andres, Blanca, Carlos, Dolores, Enrique, Felicia, Guillermo, Hilda, Ignacio, Jimena, Kevin, Linda, Marty, Nora, Olaf, Patricia, Rick, Sandra, Terry, Vivian, Waldo, Xina, York, and Zelda.

The 2009 Pacific typhoon season has no official start and end dates -- it runs year-round, though most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November. Typhoons are storms that form north of the equator and west of the International Date Line. There is no yearly list of names for Pacific typhoons; rather, they are chosen from a list of names submitted from the countries in the area.

The 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season (the Indian Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere, east of the Horn of Africa and west of the Malay Peninsula) does not have official start or end dates, either, but most cyclones tend to form between April and December, with peaks in May and November. On average, 4 to 6 storms form in this basin every season. Cyclone Storm Bijli and Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila have already formed, and the remaining names on the list are Phyan, Ward, Laila, Bandu, and Phet.

The 2008–09 Australian region cyclone season, which covers Australia, Papua New Guinea, western parts of the Solomon Islands, East Timor and southern parts of Indonesia, is already over. It started on November 1, 2008, and lasted until April 30, 2009. There were a total of 23 cyclones this season, with 10 of them reaching enough strength to be named. They were Anika (Cat 2), Billy (Cat 4), Charlotte (Cat 1), Dominic (Cat 2), Ellie (Cat 1), Freddy (Cat 2), Hamish (Cat 5), Ilsa (Cat 4), Jasper (Cat 2), and Kirrily (Cat 1). The large storms caused a combined damage of approximately 103 million USD, but only four deaths.

2008–09 South Pacific cyclone season fell in the same date range. This season was unusual in the respect that no Tropical Cyclones developed into Severe Tropical Cyclones. There were 12 Tropical Depressions, and only five intensified into Cyclones, which were named Hettie (Cat 1), Innis (Cat 1), Joni (Cat 2), Ken (Cat 1), and Lin (Cat 2).

The 2008-09 South West Indian Ocean cyclone season began on November 15, 2008, and officially ended April 30, 2009. Only two storms reached hurricane strength this year, Fanele and Gael, both of which were Category 3 or higher, and only 3 storms made landfall in the entire season (TS Eric, Fanele, and TS Jade).
kajivar: (Muse // Clio Reading)
[personal profile] kajivar
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Cyclone Nargis was a strong tropical cyclone that caused the worst natural disaster in the recorded history of Burma (officially known as Myanmar). The cyclone made landfall in the country on May 2, 2008, causing catastrophic destruction and at least 146,000 fatalities with thousands more people still missing. The Labutta Township alone was reported to have 80,000 dead, with about 10,000 more deaths in Bogale. There were around 55,000 people missing and many other deaths were found in other towns and areas, although the Burmese government's official death toll was grossly underreported as they had simply stopped counting the dead to minimize political fallout. It was feared and quite possible that due to lack of relief efforts, a total of a million people already had or would have died from this catastrophe. Damage was estimated at over $10 billion (USD).

Nargis is the deadliest named cyclone in the North Indian Ocean Basin, as well as the second deadliest named cyclone of all time, behind Typhoon Nina of 1975. Including unnamed storms like the 1970 Bhola cyclone, Nargis is the 8th deadliest cyclone of all time, but an uncertainty between the deaths caused by Nargis and those caused by other cyclones (like the 1991 Bangladesh cyclone), could put Nargis as 7th deadliest or higher, because the exact death toll is unknown. Nargis was the first tropical cyclone to strike the country since Cyclone Mala made landfall in 2006, which was slightly stronger, but had a significantly lower impact.

More information can be found here.


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