kajivar: (Disasterporn // Lightning)
[personal profile] kajivar
The 1953 Waco tornado outbreak was a tornado outbreak that affected portions of the central United States from May 9 - May 11, 1953. It is best known for the F5 tornado that struck Waco, Texas on May 11, 1953, killing 144 people.

In total, there were 33 tornadoes, including the F5 that hit Waco, 4 F4s, 4 F3s, 8 F2s, 13 F1s, and 3 F0s. Most of the damage occurred on May 11, first in San Angelo, TX, when an F4 tornado destroyed 320 homes and damaged 197. A 15 block area was devastated, and damage totaled $25.407 million in 2008 dollars. Thirteen people were killed, and 159 injured.

The Waco Tornado struck at 4:36 p.m. that same day. The tornado, over two blocks wide, hit the downtown area. Many people on the streets crowded into local businesses for shelter. However, few of the buildings were constructed sturdily enough to withstand the winds, and they collapsed almost immediately. The best-known example was the six-story R.T. Dennis furniture store, which crumbled to the ground and killed 30 people inside. Newer buildings with steel reinforcement, including the 22-story Amicable office building just across the street, weathered the storm.

Five people were killed in two cars crushed in the street, one of which was crushed by a traffic light to only 18 inches in height. The Dr Pepper bottling plant, today the Dr Pepper Museum, was severely damaged.

Bricks from the collapsed structures piled up in the street to a depth of five feet. Some survivors were trapped under rubble for 14 hours, and it took several days to remove the bodies from the rubble.

114 people were killed in the Waco area, with 597 injured and up to $41.2 million in property damage. 196 businesses and factories were destroyed, 217 sustained major damage, and 179 sustained lesser damages. 150 homes were destroyed, 250 sustained major damage, and 450 sustained lesser damages. Over 2000 cars were damaged or destroyed and the First United Methodist Church was severely damaged. Over half the dead -- 61 -- were in a single city block bounded by 4th and 5th streets and Austin and Franklin avenues.

The Waco Tornado remains tied with the 1902 Goliad Tornado as the deadliest in Texas history and the tenth-deadliest in US history. The storm was one of the primary factors spurring development of a nationwide severe weather warning system.


Source: Wikipedia
kajivar: (Disasterporn // Tornado 1)
[personal profile] kajivar
The May 2003 Tornado Outbreak Sequence in the United States was a series of tornado outbreaks that occurred from May 3 to May 11, 2003. Tornadoes began occurring over the affected area on April 30, but the most prolific continuous period was the seven day period of May 4-10. There were 401 tornado reports in 19 states and 1 Canadian province, 1,587 reports of large hail, and 740 reports of wind damage. More severe weather broke out this week alone than any other week in U.S. history. The old record for most tornado reports in one week was 171 during the week of the May 1995 Tornado Outbreak Sequence. The Super Outbreak of April 3 to April 4, 1974, still holds the record for the most tornadoes produced in a 24 hour period, and produced more significant and violent tornadoes than any other week in history.

Overall, the outbreak was responsible for at least 42 deaths across 5 states with the majority of them during the busiest day on May 4, 2003, in which 39 were killed in Tennessee, Missouri and Kansas. There were also hundreds of injuries and extensive damage was reported across several areas. There were 212 confirmed F0 tornadoes, 123 F1, 38 F2, 20 F3, and 6 F4.

States affected:
Alabama -- 20 tornadoes
Arkansas -- 15 tornadoes
Colorado -- 8 tornadoes
Georgia -- 9 tornadoes
Illinois -- 46 tornadoes
Indiana -- 5 tornadoes
Iowa -- 10 tornadoes
Kansas -- 40 tornadoes
Kentucky -- 26 tornadoes
Louisiana -- 1 tornado
Maryland -- 2 tornadoes
Michigan -- 1 tornado
Mississippi -- 10 tornadoes
Missouri -- 79 tornadoes
Nebraska -- 12 tornadoes
New York -- 2 tornadoes
North Carolina -- 10 tornadoes
North Dakota -- 1 tornado
Oklahoma -- 33 tornadoes
Ontario -- 1 tornado
Pennsylvania -- 1 tornado
South Carolina -- 8 tornadoes
South Dakota -- 2 tornadoes
Tennessee -- 39 tornadoes
Texas -- 11 tornadoes
Virginia -- 7 tornadoes
Wisconsin -- 2 tornadoes

Source: Wikipedia